THE ACT OF THE YEAR 2020 SURVEY – Nominees

Universal method of identification in the online environment (BankID Act)
Act Act No. 49/2020 Coll., amending Act No. 21/1992 Coll., on Banks, as amended; and Act No. 253/2008 Coll., on Selected Measures Against the Legitimisation of Proceeds of Crime and Financing of Terrorism, as amended; and certain other acts  
Author A group of deputies represented by Barbora Kořanová; Czech Banking Association and ICT Union
Justification Universal banking identity brings a fundamental shift to the electronic identification in various aspects of life, including entrepreneurship and relations with the state. In the age so heavily dependent on the online access to services, millions of users have the opportunity to use their access to electronic banking for secure and state-recognised identification, voluntarily and free of charge.

Free access to technical standards (amendment to the Act on the Technical Requirements for Products)
Act Act No. 526/2020 Coll., amending Act No. 22/1997 Coll., on Technical Requirements for Products and on Amendments to Certain Acts, as amended; and Act No. 90/2016 Coll., on Conformity Assessment of Specified Products When Made Available on the Market, as amended
Author Ministry of Industry and Trade
Justification Access to binding technical standards is now free of charge. This therefore adjusts the distorted and unconstitutional state when it was necessary to pay to access the standards that are generally binding and referred to by legal regulations.

More flexible labour relations (amendment to the Labour Code)
Předpis Act No. 285/2020 Coll. amending Act No. 262/2006 Coll., the Labour Code, as amended; and other related acts
Act Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
Justification The amendment responds to the needs of the labour market and specifies a number of problematic areas: it clarifies the rules for the delivery of documents (e.g. notices of dismissal) and rectifies the excessive conditions for the automatic transfer of employees to the new employer. Multiple employees may share one job and existing inequalities among certain groups of employees regarding the calculation and taking of vacation time are eliminated.

Possibility of tax loss carryback (act amending certain tax laws in connection with the occurrence of coronavirus)
Act Act No. 299/2020 Coll., amending certain tax laws in connection with the occurrence of coronavirus SARS CoV-2 and Act No. 159/2020 Coll., on the Compensation Bonus in Connection with Crisis Measures Associated with the Occurrence of Coronavirus SARS CoV-2, as amended
Author Ministry of Finance
Justification Entrepreneurs can now obtain the necessary funds by refunding the tax paid in the past if they generated profit before the onset of the pandemic and are now operating at a loss. It is an important and rapid assistance not only in times of the pandemic, but also a systemic tool for dealing with future possible fluctuations in the management of small and large companies, which is, moreover, budget neutral in the long term. The creation of this instrument was exemplarily consulted with the professional public (in particular, the Chamber of Tax Advisers, the Chamber of Commerce, the Confederation of Industry and Transport, the Confederation of Commerce and Tourism and the Association of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Crafts) and the financial administration simultaneously adopted the related recent judgements of the Supreme Administrative Court.

Predictable rules of water management in times of drought (amendment to the Water Act)
Act Act No. 544/2020 Coll., amending Act No. 254/2001 Coll., on Waters and Amendment to Certain Laws (Water Act), as amended, and other related acts
Author Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of the Environment
Justification State and regional „drought plans“ and other preventive and operational measures will be created to ensure access to water which is becoming a scarce commodity. Managed and transparent access to water is an existential need for most economic operations and all citizens in the country.

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